By ZENTS KUNLE SOWUNMI
The first part of this article was written on August 19th, 2013, it embraced the revolution of the people of Egypt, it gave the reasons why a democratically elect President was removed, the fear and the future of the people in the Land of Pharaohs with a history beyond five thousand years, however, the article concluded, history will determine the benefits of the revolution and Oracle predicted Egypt as a country would emerge a better nation and more friendlier than the months under the ousted President Morsi now in prison whose present behavior could not pass the simple law of cognition with Ranchos Amigo theory , so what happened in the last five months, in Egypt, the new draft constitution and future of radicals? Let us pill it out one after the other.
The Oracle says, when you win a battle against dictatorship, protect your freedom, ask questions from leaders, write and expose everything, never you base your freedom on the religion of your leaders, or the tribal sentiments of the leadership, be objective, be fair to all, expose nepotism, and corruption, see beyond the simple level of information presented by the leadership, think critically, that is how to chase the dictator and corrupt politicians out of office, those were the areas Egyptians failed to understand when former President Morsi became the first democratically, elected President in Egypt.
Egypt apart from the era of Pharaohs and later Kings, since 1952 had been ruled by military dictators, Nasser, Sadat, and Mobararrack and President Morsi without checking his democratic credentials was the nearest to the people in terms of true democracy, they failed to understand life could be better for them from the articles signed in 1971 for the basic rights for women, children and religious tolerance all however the low turnout constitution amendment process President Morsi presented and approved by 60 percent of the 33 percent turnout in the adoption process would eventually robbed the nation of the gains of freedom in the last sixty years.
Let us briefly examine what happened to the economy of Egypt under ouster President Morsi, within a year, the foreign reserves of the country went down from 39 billion to 12 billion dollars, all the hotels capacity went down from 100 percent to 5 percent meaning tourism the major source of income for the country was destroyed under Morsi, the new constitution gave him more powers than the people, he became a dictator with the powers of the new constitution because Egyptians failed to follow all the points raised in the second paragraph of this article i.e.( protect your freedom, ask questions from leaders, write and expose everything, never you base your freedom on the religion of your leaders, or the tribal sentiments of the leadership, be objective, be fair to all, expose nepotism, and corruption, see beyond the simple level of information presented by the leadership, think critically,)
Within a year, Egyptians realized they voted in a man that was robbing them of the basic freedom they took for granted, and the new 2013 constitution now ready for adoption will be based on the 1971 articles that went back to the time of Anwal Sadat particularly on the right of women and children. Mohamad Salmawy the spokesman for the Constitution drafting committee said 2013 Constitution will bring betters days for Egypt just like the Oracle predicted months ago, he said further, it separates’ one era from the other, from the period of turmoil to a future of hopes and stability, Jabber Nassar a member of the committee also says, the new Constitution will give equal rights to all the people of Egypt.
However, some of the women nursed secret fears on the role of an Islamist dominated state that may find a way to reduce them to second class citizens, despite the Article 11 of the 1971 “the state shall guarantee harmonization between the duties of woman towards the family, and her work in the society, ensuring her equal statues with man in the fields of political, social, cultural and economic life without violation of the rules of Islamic jurisprudence”
The above is still a work in progress for Egyptians, the law or the new constitution makes the system a dynamic society to review the laws in relation to the progress of the country and this will be the areas the conservatives will be affected, Hania Sholkamy, professor of anthropology at AUC said the draft constitution still struggles with proper understanding of basic principles of freedoms or what the balance of powers between the various bodies.
Article 23 of the 2013 Constitution specifically focused on the development of national economy unlike the previous constitution under President Morsi, various areas of the new law touched on Taxation, and property laws which tend to see the country more from economic development than a system based on religion, Egypt is gradually moving away from conservatism to religious tolerance.
The power of Presidency was reduced and proper checks and balances is now introduced into the new constitution and how? A non performing president can be removed from office, the nation need not wait until a weak or bad president destroyed the country for four years before any change, otherwise the country may be too weak to effect any change, and the history of gradual dictatorship of former President Morsi guided the draft committee.
The draft constitution empowers the Parliament to remove a sitting president not minding the mandate of four years on condition that a referendum must be asked from the people, on a yes and no vote, if the people says yes, the president and his funny mandate will be history, but if the people says no, the parliament will be dissolved they too will be out of jobs, meaning, both must work together for the betterment of Egypt which was lacking under former President Morsi.
What are the lessons for Nigeria and most African countries from Egyptian experience? We may have to address this in future base on the performance of our elected officials using a four year mandate to cover their ineptitude, and inability of the Congress or the National Assembly to rise up to the need of the people.
The only thing the Egyptians have not been able to do publicly because of pride is to apologize to President Mobararrack but in all their hearts majority of the country believed they were fine under him than the era of former President Morsi and his ideologically based Islamist Muslim Brotherhood, MBH , they also believed, the Constitution passed under Morsi left a bitter legacy and the new Constitution will improve on the rights of women, children and religious tolerance which will make Egypt a better nation like the Oracle predicted months ago, the land pharaoh will be a better national with a dynamic constitution that will tame the radicals in which for the first time in history by its new constitution to regard itself purely an African nation which just by accident of history shares the value of the Arabs, the Oracle says with time Egypt will reopen its own history dated several centuries beyond any religion particularly Islam, and the nation will be free and will never have to wrestle with history anymore because that is who they are the Egyptians one of the greatest countries in Africa.
Zents Sowunmi is a New York based writer